Da Wikipedia

The chart below shows how the International Phonetic Alphabet(IPA) represents Walloon language pronunciation in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-wa}} and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

  IPA   Examples English approximation
b barbôjhe bin
ç schåyî[2] hue
χ Scottish loch, German Bach
d deût do
djanvî jeep
f f festival
ɡ gayole, gueuye gain
h[2] hagnon hatch
k stoumak, cwand sky
l lére loo
m monde moo
n nawe no
ɲ dignité roughly like canyon
p aprinde spy
ʀ arester French frère
s[3] sûner, cénk, çoula, dissu sing
ʃ chal, shijhinme,[3] xhaxhler[2] shelf
t tins stop
tchestea chip
v vint love
z zûner zoo
ʒ jhon[2] leisure
j yebe, beacôp yes
w walon, moes wind
  IPA   Examples English approximation
Short vowels
a gade RP pat
e évôs hey
ɛ efant, dalaedje bet
ɪ pitit kit
ɔ soris off
ø djeu bird
ʊ atouwer book
y pus Scottish cute, French rue
Long vowels
ɑː[5] djåzer, diâle large or board
ɛː[6] gaiyté, fêye bed or Scottish bait
pî see
rôze board
[7] n cool
ût Scottish cute, French rue, but longer
Nasal vowels
ɑ̃[5] blanc croissant
bén roughly like ring
ɛ̃[6] rinde Chopin
ɔ̃ djondou roughly like American bone
œ̃ djun roughly like sung
  1. Walloon consonants are devoiced word-finally, i.e. /d/ changes to [t], /dʒ/ to [tʃ], /z/ to [s], and so on. This is not shown in the spelling.
  2. 2,0 2,1 2,2 2,3 The groups Template:Angbr, Template:Angbr and Template:Angbr are all realized as simply Template:IPAblink in certain dialects. Template:Angbr may also surface as Template:IPAblink or [sk].
  3. 3,0 3,1 The digraph Template:Angbr is pronounced [s] in some varieties, [ʃ] in others.
  4. As in French, stress always falls on the last vowel in Walloon.
  5. 5,0 5,1 /ɑː/ and /ɑ̃/ show variation with Template:IPAblink/Template:IPAblink/Template:IPAblink and Template:IPAblink, respectively.
  6. 6,0 6,1 Open-mid /ɛː/ and /ɛ̃/ may be close-mid [eː] and [ẽ].
  7. Merges with Template:IPAblink in some dialects.

References[mudé | muda l codesc]

  • "Walloon language, alphabet and pronunciation". Omniglot. March 20, 2013.

Template:IPA keys