Stac federei y raions de l'union de l'India

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Stac federei y raions de l'union de l'India
States and union territories of India (nglëisc)
भारत के राज्य तथा केन्द्र-शासित प्रदेश (hindi)
Sort Stac federei
Numer 28 stac y 8 raions de l'union
Populazion Stac:
Mënder: Sikkim – 610 577
Majer: Uttar Pradesh – 199 812 341
Raions de l'union:
Mënder: Lakshadweep – 64 473
Majer: Delhi – 16 787 941
Spersa
Partida Divijions de l'India
Raions de l'India

L'India ie na federazion metuda adum da 28 stac federei (nglëisc: state, hindi: राज्य) y 8 raions de l'union (nglëisc: union territory, hindi: केन्द्र-शासित प्रदेश) per n total de 36 entiteies.

Stac federei y raions de l'union[mudé | muda l codesc]

Stac[mudé | muda l codesc]

Stat Codesc ISO Codesc targa
de l'auto
Zona Capitela Majera zità Deventà n stat Populazion
(2011)[mancia na referënza]
Spersa
(km2)
Rujenedes
ufizieles[1]
Rujenedes ufizieles
leprò[1]
Andhra Pradesh IN-AP AP Sud Amaravati Visakhapatnam 1 novëmber 1956 49,506,799 162,975 Telugu
Arunachal Pradesh IN-AR AR Nord-est Itanagar 20 fauré 1987 1,383,727 83,743 Nglëisc
Assam IN-AS AS Nord-est Dispur Guwahati 26 jené 1950 31,205,576 78,550 Assamese Bengali, Bodo
Bihar IN-BR BR Est Patna 26 jené 1950 104,099,452 94,163 Hindi Urdu
Chhattisgarh IN-CT CG Central Raipur[lower-alpha 1] 1 novëmber 2000 25,545,198 135,194 Chhattisgarhi Hindi, Nglëisc
Goa IN-GA GA Western Panaji Vasco da Gama 30 mei 1987 1,458,545 3,702 Konkani Marathi
Gujarat IN-GJ GJ Vest Gandhinagar Ahmedabad 1 mei 1960 60,439,692 196,024 Gujarati
Haryana IN-HR HR Nord Chandigarh Faridabad 1 novëmber 1966 25,351,462 44,212 Hindi Punjabi[2][3]
Himachal Pradesh IN-HP HP Nord Shimla (d'instà)
Dharamshala (d'inviern)[4]
Shimla 25 jené 1971 6,864,602 55,673 Hindi Sanskrit[5]
Jharkhand IN-JH JH Est Ranchi Jamshedpur 15 novëmber 2000 32,988,134 74,677 Hindi angika, bengali, bhojpuri, bhumij, ho, kharia, khortha, kurmali, kurukh, magahi, maithili, mundari, nagpuri, odia, santali, urdu[6][7]
Karnataka IN-KA KA Sud Bangalore 1 novëmber 1956 61,095,297 191,791 Kannada
Kerala IN-KL KL Sud Thiruvananthapuram 1 novëmber 1956 33,406,061 38,863 Malayalam Nglëisc[8]
Madhya Pradesh IN-MP MP Zentrel Bhopal Indore 26 jené 1950 72,626,809 308,252 Hindi
Maharashtra IN-MH MH Vest Mumbai (d’instà)
Nagpur (d’inviern)[9][10]
Mumbai 1 mei 1960 112,374,333 307,713 Marathi
Manipur IN-MN MN Nord-est Imphal 21 jené 1972 2,855,794 22,347 Meitei Nglëisc
Meghalaya IN-ML ML Nord-est Shillong 21 jené 1972 2,966,889 22,720 Nglëisc Khasi[lower-alpha 2]
Mizoram IN-MZ MZ Nord-est Aizawl 20 fauré 1987 1,097,206 21,081 Nglëisc, Hindi, Mizo
Nagaland IN-NL NL Nord-est Kohima Dimapur 1 dezëmber 1963 1,978,502 16,579 Nglëisc
Odisha IN-OR OD Est Bhubaneswar 26 jené 1950 41,974,218 155,820 Odia
Punjab IN-PB PB Nord Chandigarh Ludhiana 1 novëmber 1966 27,743,338 50,362 Punjabi
Rajasthan IN-RJ RJ Nord Jaipur 26 jené 1950 68,548,437 342,269 Hindi Nglëisc
Sikkim IN-SK SK Nord-est Gangtok 16 mei 1975 610,577 7,096 Nglëisc, Nepali Bhutia, Gurung, Lepcha, Limbu, Manggar, Mukhia, Newari, Rai, Sherpa, Tamang
Tamil Nadu IN-TN TN Sud Chennai 1 novëmber 1956 72,147,030 130,058 Tamil Nglëisc
Telangana IN-TG TS Sud Hyderabad[lower-alpha 3] 2 juni 2014 35,193,978[15] 112,077[15] Telugu Urdu[16]
Tripura IN-TR TR Nord-est Agartala 21 jené 1972 3,673,917 10,492 Bengali, Nglëisc, Kokborok
Uttar Pradesh IN-UP UP Zentrel Lucknow 26 jené 1950 199,812,341 243,286 Hindi Urdu
Uttarakhand IN-UT UK Zentrel Bhararisain (d’instà)
Dehradun (d’inviern)[17]
Dehradun 9 novëmber 2000 10,086,292 53,483 Hindi Sanskrit[18]
Bengal dl Vest IN-WB WB Est Kolkata 26 jené 1950 91,276,115 88,752 bengali, nepali[lower-alpha 4] hindi, odia, punjabi, santali, telugu, urdu

Raions de l'union[mudé | muda l codesc]

Union territory Codesc ISO Codesc targa
de l'auto
Zona Capitela Majera zità Fundazion Populazion Spersa
(km2)
Rujenedes
ufizieles
Rujenedes ufizieles
leprò
Ijules Andaman y Nicobar IN-AN AN Sud Port Blair 1 novëmber 1956 380,581 8,249 Hindi English
Chandigarh IN-CH CH Nord Chandigarh 1 novëmber 1966 1,055,450 114 English
Dadra y Nagar Haveli y Daman y Diu IN-DH DD Vest Daman 26 jené 2020 586,956 603 Hindi, Gujarati, Marathi, English
Delhi IN-DL DL Nord Nueva Delhi Delhi 1 novëmber 1956 16,787,941 1,490 Hindi, English Punjabi, Urdu[19]
Jammu y Kashmir IN-JK JK Nord Srinagar (d’instà)[20][21]
Jammu (d’inviern)[21][22]
Srinagar 31 October 2019 12,258,433 42,241 Kashmiri, Dogri, Urdu, Hindi, English
Ladakh IN-LA LA Nord Leh (d’instà)
Kargil (d’inviern)[23]
Leh 31 October 2019 290,492 59,146 Hindi, English
Lakshadweep IN-LD LD Sud Kavaratti 1 novëmber 1956 64,473 32 Malayalam, English
Puducherry IN-PY PY Sud Puducherry 16 August 1962 1,247,953 492 Tamil, English Telugu, Malayalam, French

Notes[mudé | muda l codesc]

  1. Naya Raipur is planned to replace Raipur as the capital city of Chhattisgarh.
  2. Khasi language has been declared as the Additional Official Language for all purposes in the District, Sub-Division and Block level offices of the State Government located in the Districts of Khasi-Jaintia Hills of Meghalaya.
  3. Andhra Pradesh was divided into two states, Telangana and a residual Andhra Pradesh on 2 juni 2014.[11][12][13] Hyderabad, located entirely within the borders of Telangana, is to serve as the capital for both states for a period of time not exceeding ten years.[14] The Government of Andhra Pradesh and the Andhra Pradesh Legislature completed the process of relocating to temporary facilities in the envisaged new capital city Amaravati in early 2017.[mancia na referënza]
  4. Bengali and Nepali are the Official Languages in Darjeeling and Kurseong sub-divisions of Darjeeling district.

Referënzes[mudé | muda l codesc]

  1. 1,0 1,1 "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 50th report (July 2012 to juni 2013)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. Archivià da l uriginel (PDF) ai 8 July 2016. Trat ite ai 14 jené 2015.
  2. "Haryana grants second language status to Punjabi". Hindustan Times. 28 jené 2010. Archivià da l uriginel ai 3 September 2015.
  3. "Punjabi gets second language status in Haryana". Zee news. 28 jené 2010.
  4. "Dharamsala: Himachal Pradesh gets its second capital in Dharamsala". The Times of India. 2 March 2017. Trat ite ai 26 July 2021.
  5. Pratibha Chauhan (17 fauré 2019). "Bill to make Sanskrit second official language of HP passed". The Tribune. Shimla. Archivià dal uriginel ai 18 fauré 2019. Trat ite ai 18 fauré 2019.
  6. "Jharkhand gives 2nd language status to Magahi, Angika, Bhojpuri and Maithali". uniindia.com.
  7. "Jharkhand notifies Bhumij as second state language". The Avenue Mail. 5 jené 2019. Trat ite ai 20 April 2022.
  8. "Kerala Official Languages Act, 1969". www.bareactslive.com. Trat ite ai 20 April 2021.
  9. "History | District Nagpur,Government of Maharashtra | India" (per inglese americano). Trat ite ai 26 July 2021.
  10. Raghunatha, TN (2 juni 2018). "Monsoon session to start in Maha's winter Capital Nagpur from July 4". Pioneer. Trat ite ai 20 April 2021.
  11. "Bifurcated into Telangana State and residual Andhra Pradesh State". The Times of India. 2 juni 2014.
  12. "The Gazette of India : The Andhra Pradesh Reorganization Act, 2014" (PDF). Ministry of Law and Justice. Government of India. 1 March 2014. Archivià da l uriginel (PDF) ai 4 March 2014. Trat ite ai 23 April 2014.
  13. "The Gazette of India : The Andhra Pradesh Reorganization Act, 2014 Sub-section" (PDF). 4 March 2014. Trat ite ai 23 April 2014.
  14. Sanchari Bhattacharya (1 juni 2014). "Andhra Pradesh Minus Telangana: 10 Facts". NDTV.
  15. 15,0 15,1 "Telangana State Profile". Telangana government portal. p. 34. Trat ite ai 11 juni 2014.
  16. "Urdu is second official language now". The Hindu (per inglese). Special Correspondent. 17 novëmber 2017. ISSN 0971-751X. Trat ite ai 6 July 2020.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  17. "Bhararisain declared as summer capital of Uttarakhand". Times Now. 8 juni 2020. Trat ite ai 24 novëmber 2021.
  18. Singh, Pallavi (19 April 2010). "Sanskrit: reviving the language in today's India". mint.
  19. "Official Language Act 2000" (PDF). Government of Delhi. 2 July 2003. Archivià da l uriginel (PDF) ai 4 March 2016. Trat ite ai 17 July 2015.
  20. "Srinagar | History, Life, Lakes, & Map". Encyclopedia Britannica (per inglese). Archivià dal uriginel ai 20 August 2021. Trat ite ai 2021-07-26.
  21. 21,0 21,1 "Jammu and Kashmir Government Puts An End To 149-Year-Old Practice Of 'Darbar Move'". Outlook India. Archivià dal uriginel ai 26 July 2021. Trat ite ai 2021-07-26.
  22. "Jammu | History, Map, & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica (per inglese). Archivià dal uriginel ai 6 September 2021. Trat ite ai 2021-07-26.
  23. Excelsior, Daily (12 novëmber 2019). "LG, UT Hqrs, Head of Police to have Sectts at both Leh, Kargil: Mathur". Archivià dal uriginel ai 13 fauré 2020. Trat ite ai 17 dezëmber 2019.