Template:Cite web

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Template:AWB standard installation

Template:Cs1 templates
{{Cite arXiv}}arXiv preprints
{{Cite AV media}}audio and visual media
{{Cite AV media notes}}AV media liner notes
{{Cite bioRxiv}}bioRxiv preprints
{{Cite book}}books and chapters
{{Cite CiteSeerX}}CiteSeerX papers
{{Cite conference}}conference papers
{{Cite encyclopedia}}edited collections
{{Cite episode}}radio or TV episodes
{{Cite interview}}interviews
{{Cite journal}}academic journals
{{Cite magazine}}magazines, periodicals
{{Cite mailing list}}public mailing lists
{{Cite map}}maps
{{Cite news}}news articles
{{Cite newsgroup}}online newsgroups
{{Cite podcast}}podcasts
{{Cite press release}}press releases
{{Cite report}}reports
{{Cite serial}}audio or video serials
{{Cite sign}}signs, plaques
{{Cite speech}}speeches
{{Cite ssrn}}SSRN papers
{{Cite techreport}}technical reports
{{Cite thesis}}theses
{{Cite web}}web sources not covered by the above
See also'
'

This Template:Cs1 template is used to create citations for web sources that are not characterized by another CS1 template. Do not use this template in the "External links" section of articles.

Usage[muda l codesc]

Fal Lua: expandTemplate: template "Citation Style documentation/usage" does not exist. Fal Lua: expandTemplate: template "Citation Style documentation/usage common" does not exist. For references with author credit

{{cite web |url= |title= |last= |first= |date= |website= |publisher= |access-date= |quote=}}

For references without author credit

{{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Not stated--> |date= |website= |publisher= |access-date= |quote=}}

|} Fal Lua: expandTemplate: template "Citation Style documentation/usage vertical common" does not exist.

{{cite web
 |url=
 |title=
 |last=
 |first=
 |date=
 |website=
 |publisher=
 |access-date=
 |quote=}}

|} Fal Lua: expandTemplate: template "Citation Style documentation/usage full" does not exist.

{{cite web |url= |url-access= |title= |last= |first= |author= |author-link= |last2= |first2= |author2= |author-link2= |date= |year= |orig-date= |editor-last= |editor-first= |editor= |editor-link= |editor-last2= |editor-first2= |editor-link2= |editors= |department= |website= |series= |publisher= |agency= |location= |page= |pages= |at= |language= |script-title= |trans-title= |type= |format= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi-broken-date= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |access-date= |url-status= |archive-url= |archive-date= |via= |quote= |ref= |postscript=}}

|} Fal Lua: expandTemplate: template "Citation Style documentation/usage vertical" does not exist.

{{cite web
 |url=
 |url-access=
 |title=
 |last=
 |first=
 |author-link=
 |last2=
 |first2=
 |author-link2=
 |date=
 |year=
 |orig-date=
 |editor-last=
 |editor-first=
 |editor-link=
 |editor2-last=
 |editor2-first=
 |editor2-link=
 |department=
 |website=
 |series=
 |publisher=
 |agency=
 |location=
 |page=
 |pages=
 |at=
 |language=
 |script-title=
 |trans-title=
 |type=
 |format=
 |arxiv=
 |asin=
 |bibcode=
 |doi=
 |doi-broken-date=
 |isbn=
 |issn=
 |jfm=
 |jstor=
 |lccn=
 |mr=
 |oclc=
 |ol=
 |osti=
 |pmc=
 |pmid=
 |rfc=
 |ssrn=
 |zbl=
 |id=
 |access-date=
 |url-status=
 |archive-url=
 |archive-date=
 |via=
 |quote=
 |ref=
 |postscript=}}

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last
 
last
last2
 
 
 
 
 
editor-last
 
editor-last
editor2-last
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
url 
url 
url, archive-date
archive-url
 
 
 
 
 
 

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required
 
required
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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Choosing between Template:cite web and Template:cite news[muda l codesc]

Before 2014, editors had to decide whether to use {{cite web}} or {{cite news}} based on their features. In 2014, most of the differences between the two templates were eliminated.

As of Template:Diff, {{cite web}} and {{cite news}} have the following differences:

  • {{cite news}} can be used for offline (paper) sources whereas {{cite web}} generates a missing URL error when no URL is provided
  • {{cite news}} accepts |issue= and |volume= parameters while {{cite web}} does not (See Template:Slink; see also {{cite magazine}}).

But given the same set of valid parameters, their output is exactly the same:

cite web: Silverman, Dwight (July 15, 2011). "Microsoft envisions a universal OS, but it might not be called Windows". Houston Chronicle. Hearst Corporation. Trat ite ai May 26, 2015.
cite news: Silverman, Dwight (July 15, 2011). "Microsoft envisions a universal OS, but it might not be called Windows". Houston Chronicle. Hearst Corporation. Trat ite ai May 26, 2015.

Examples[muda l codesc]

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |publisher=Open Publishing |date=April 30, 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |access-date=20 mei 2024}}
    Doe, John (April 30, 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. Trat ite ai 20 mei 2024.
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |access-date=20 mei 2024}}
    Doe, John (30 April 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Encyclopedia of Things. Trat ite ai 20 mei 2024.
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |date=2005-04-30 |access-date=20 mei 2024}}
    Doe, John (2005-04-30). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Trat ite ai 20 mei 2024.
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |access-date=20 mei 2024}}
    Doe, John. "My Favorite Things, Part II". Trat ite ai 20 mei 2024.
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |access-date=20 mei 2024}}
    "My Favorite Things, Part II". Trat ite ai 20 mei 2024.
  • {{cite web |url=https://operations.nfl.com/the-rules/nfl-rules-digest/ |title=NFL Rules Digest |website=NFL Football Operations |publisher=[[National Football League]] |access-date=20 mei 2024}}
    "NFL Rules Digest". NFL Football Operations. National Football League. Trat ite ai 20 mei 2024.

Using "format="[muda l codesc]

When this template detects a link whose URL includes an extension of ".pdf" or ".PDF", typical of PDF files, it automatically displays a PDF icon after the link (regardless of whether the link goes to a PDF file or to an HTML landing page, typical of paysites). It also internally acts as if |format=PDF had been specified, which displays " (PDF)" after the icon. (In this case, an explicit |format=PDF parameter would be redundant, so it is not recommended to add it. Users may remove it. Citation bot, when invoked, will remove it. (ref))

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.indiapost.gov.in/Pdf/Customs/List_of_Psychotropic_Substances.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |publisher=International Narcotics Control Board |access-date=20 mei 2024}}
    "List of psychotropic substances under international control" (PDF). International Narcotics Control Board. Trat ite ai 20 mei 2024.

If the link is to a PDF file that is not automatically recognizable by its extension, this template does not display the PDF icon. You may add the parameter |format=PDF, which displays " (PDF)" after the link.

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.sample.com/somePDFdocument.000 |title=Some PDF Document |publisher=Sample Int'l |format=PDF |access-date=20 mei 2024}}
    "Some PDF Document" (PDF). Sample Int'l. Trat ite ai 20 mei 2024.

For links to files in other formats, no icon is displayed. For example, for an .odt file, you may add the parameter |format=ODT, which displays " (ODT)" after the link.

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.sample.com/someODTdocument.odt |title=Some ODT Document |publisher=Sample Int'l |format=ODT |access-date=20 mei 2024}}
    "Some ODT Document" (ODT). Sample Int'l. Trat ite ai 20 mei 2024.

Foreign language and translated title[muda l codesc]

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Honi soit qui mal y pense |last=Joliet |first=François |date=30 April 2005 |access-date=20 mei 2024 |language=fr |trans-title=Shame on those who think evil of it}}
    Joliet, François (30 April 2005). "Honi soit qui mal y pense" [Shame on those who think evil of it] (per francese). Trat ite ai 20 mei 2024.

Using author-link[muda l codesc]

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |author-link=John Doe |publisher=Open Publishing |date=April 30, 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |access-date=20 mei 2024}}
    Doe, John (April 30, 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. Trat ite ai 20 mei 2024.

Multiple authors[muda l codesc]

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Our Favourite Things |last1=Doe |first1=John |last2=Smith |first2=Peter |last3=Smythe |first3=Jim |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopaedia of Things |access-date=20 mei 2024}}
    Doe, John; Smith, Peter; Smythe, Jim (30 April 2005). "Our Favourite Things". Encyclopaedia of Things. Open Publishing. Trat ite ai 20 mei 2024.

No author[muda l codesc]

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |publisher=Open Publishing |date=2005-04-30 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |access-date=20 mei 2024}}
    "Index of Sharp Things". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. 2005-04-30. Trat ite ai 20 mei 2024.

No author, no publisher[muda l codesc]

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |access-date=20 mei 2024}}
    "Index of Sharp Things". Encyclopedia of Things. 30 April 2005. Trat ite ai 20 mei 2024.
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=April 30, 2005 |access-date=20 mei 2024}}
    "Index of Sharp Things". April 30, 2005. Trat ite ai 20 mei 2024.

Using "archive-url" and "archive-date" (and optionally "url-status") for webpages that have been archived [muda l codesc]

By default, if "archive-url" is used, |url-status=dead and the main link is to the archive:
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=2005-04-30 |publisher=International Narcotics Control Board |access-date=20 mei 2024 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20050907150136/http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |archive-date=2005-09-07}}
    "List of psychotropic substances under international control" (PDF). International Narcotics Control Board. 2005-04-30. Archivià da l uriginel (PDF) ai 2005-09-07. Trat ite ai 20 mei 2024.
With |url-status=live, the main link is to the original:
  • {{cite web |url=https://www.hollywoodreporter.com/heat-vision/dc-entertainment-give-classic-batman-824572 |title=DC Entertainment To Give Classic Batman Writer Credit in 'Gotham' and 'Batman v Superman' (Exclusive) |website=The Hollywood Reporter |date=September 18, 2015 |access-date=September 21, 2015 |url-status=live |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20151022181821/http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/heat-vision/dc-entertainment-give-classic-batman-824572 |archive-date=October 22, 2015}}
    "DC Entertainment To Give Classic Batman Writer Credit in 'Gotham' and 'Batman v Superman' (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. September 18, 2015. Archivià dal uriginel ai October 22, 2015. Trat ite ai September 21, 2015.
With |url-status=unfit or usurped, the original is not linked at all:
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.wunderground.com/global/stations/03772.html |title=London, United Kingdom Forecast: Weather Underground (weather and elevation at Heathrow Airport) |publisher=The Weather Underground |access-date=20 mei 2024 |url-status=unfit |archive-url=https://www.webcitation.org/5yo0HaAk7 |archive-date=19 May 2011}}
    "London, United Kingdom Forecast: Weather Underground (weather and elevation at Heathrow Airport)". The Weather Underground. Archivià dal uriginel ai 19 May 2011. Trat ite ai 20 mei 2024.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)

Using quote[muda l codesc]

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.webexhibits.org/daylightsaving/c.html |title=Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea |website=WebExhibits |date=2008 |access-date=20 mei 2024 |quote=...&nbsp;Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins&nbsp;...'}}
    "Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea". WebExhibits. 2008. Trat ite ai 20 mei 2024. ... Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins ...'

Parameters[muda l codesc]

Syntax[muda l codesc]

Nested parameters rely on their parent parameters:

  • parent
  • OR: parent2—may be used instead of parent
    • child—may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2—may be used instead of child (and is ignored if parent2 is not used)
Where aliases are listed, only one of the parameters may be defined; if multiple aliased parameters are defined, then only one will show.

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COinS[muda l codesc]

This template embeds COinS metadata in the HTML output, allowing reference management software to retrieve bibliographic metadata. See Wikipedia:COinS. As a general rule, only one data item per parameter. Do not include explanatory or alternate text:

  • use |date=27 September 2007 not |date=27 September 2007 (print version 25 September)

Use of templates within the citation template is discouraged because many of these templates will add extraneous HTML or CSS that will be included raw in the metadata. Also, HTML entities, for example &nbsp;, &ndash;, or &#160;, should not be used in parameters that contribute to the metadata.

COinS metadata is created for these parameters[muda l codesc]

Note: This table of metadata is displayed in the documentation of all Citation Style 1 templates. Not all of these parameters are supported by every CS1 template. Some of these parameters are mutually exclusive, some are aliases of another parameter, and some require other parameters to be present. A full list of this template's supported parameters, their aliases, and their dependencies is shown in the Usage section near the top of this documentation page.

  • |periodical=, |journal=, |newspaper=, |magazine=, |work=, |website=, |encyclopedia=, |encyclopaedia=, |dictionary=
  • |chapter=, |script-chapter=, |contribution=, |script-contribution=, |entry=, |script-entry=, |article=, |script-article=, |section=, |script-section=
  • |title=, |script-title=, |book-title=
  • |publication-place=, |place=, |location=
  • |date=, |year=, |publication-date=
  • |series=, |version=
  • |volume=, |issue=, |number=
  • |page=, |pages=, |at=, |quote-page=, |quote-pages=
  • |edition=
  • |publisher=, |institution=
  • |url=, |chapter-url=, |contribution-url=, |section-url=
  • |author-last=, |author-last#=, |author#-last=, |author-surname=, |author-surname#=, |author#-surname=, |last=, |last#=, |surname=, |surname#=, |author=, |author#=, |subject=, |subject#=, |host=, |host#=
  • |author-first=, |author-first#=, |author#-first=, |author-given=, |author-given#=, |author#-given=, |first=, |first#=, |given=, |given#=
  • |degree=
  • |arxiv=, |bibcode=, |biorxiv=, |citeseerx=, |doi=, |eissn=, |eprint=, |hdl=, |isbn=, |issn=, |jfm=, |jstor=, |lccn=, |message-id=, |mr=, |oclc=, |osti=, |pmc=, |pmid=, |rfc=, |ssrn=, |s2cid=, |zbl=

What's new[muda l codesc]

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Deprecated[muda l codesc]

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Description[muda l codesc]

Authors[muda l codesc]

  • last: Surname of a single author. Do not wikilink—use author-link instead. For corporate authors or authors for whom only one name is listed by the source, use last or one of its aliases (e.g. |author=Bono). Aliases: surname, author, last1, surname1, author1.
    • author: this parameter is used to hold the name of an organizational author (e.g. a committee) or the complete name (first and last) of a single person; for the latter, prefer the use of |first= and |last=. This parameter should never hold the names of more than one author.
    • first: Given or first names of author; for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Firstname M. Sr. Do not wikilink—use author-link instead. Aliases: given, first1, given1. Requires last; first name will not display if last is empty. Use generational and Template:Notatypo suffixes only in accordance with MOS:JRSR and use honorifics only in accordance with MOS:HON.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use last1, first1 through lastn, firstn, where n is any consecutive number for an unlimited number of authors (each firstn requires a corresponding lastn, but not the other way around). See the display parameters to change how many authors are displayed. Aliases: surname1, given1 through surnamen, givenn, or author1 through authorn. For an individual author plus an institutional author, you can use |first1=...|last1=...|author2=....
    • author-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: author-link1, author1-link, authorlink.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use author-link1 through author-linkn. Aliases: author1-link through authorn-link.
    • name-list-style: accepts a limited list of keywords as value; when set to amp, ampersand, or &, inserts an ampersand between the last two names in a name list; when set to and, inserts the conjunction 'and' between the last two names of a name list; when set to vancdisplays name lists in Vancouver style when the lists use the last/first forms of name parameters.
  • vauthors: comma-separated list of author names in Vancouver style; enclose corporate or institutional author names in doubled parentheses. End with etal if appropriate:
    |vauthors=Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corp.)), etal
    • author-link and author-mask may be used for the individual names in |vauthors= as described above
  • Template:Xtd: deprecated Free-form list of author names; use of this parameter is discouraged because it does not contribute to a citation's metadata; not an alias of last.
  • translator-last: Surname of translator. Do not wikilink—use translator-link instead. Aliases: translator-surname, translator1, translator1-last, translator-last1.
    • translator-first: Given or first names of translator. Do not wikilink—use translator-link instead. Aliases: translator-given, translator1-first, translator-first1.
    • OR: for multiple translators, use translator-last1, translator-first1 through translator-lastn, translator-firstn, where n is any consecutive number for an unlimited number of translators (each translator-firstn requires a corresponding translator-lastn, but not the other way around). Aliases: translator1-last, translator1-first through translatorn-last, translatorn-first, or translator1 through translatorn.
    • translator-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the translator—not the translator's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: translator-link1, translator1-link.
    • OR: for multiple translators, use translator-link1 through translator-linkn. Aliases: translator1-link through translatorn-link.
  • collaboration: Name of a group of authors or collaborators; requires author, last, or vauthors listing one or more primary authors; follows author name-list; appends "et al." to author name-list.
  • others: To record other contributors to the work, including illustrators. For the parameter value, write Illustrated by John Smith.
  • Note: When using Template:Sfnote or Template:Paren styles with templates, do not use multiple names in one field, or else the anchor will not match the inline link.

Title[muda l codesc]

Fal Lua: expandTemplate: template "Citation Style documentation/web" does not exist. Fal Lua: expandTemplate: template "Citation Style documentation/type" does not exist.

  • language: The language (or a comma-separated list of the languages) in which the source is written, as either the ISO 639 language code (preferred) or the full language name. Examples: |language=ru; |lang=fr, pt-br; |lang=Russian; |language=French, Portuguese. See the list of supported codes and names. Do not use templates or wikilinks. Displays in parentheses with "in" before the language name or names. When the only source language is English, no language is displayed in the citation. The use of languages recognized by the citation module adds the page to the appropriate subcategory of Template:Cl. Because cs1|2 templates are often copied from en.wiki to other wikis, the use of language codes is preferred so that language names render in the correct language and form: espagnol at a French-language wiki instead of the English word "Spanish". Aliases: lang

Date[muda l codesc]

  • date: Date of referenced source. Can be full date (day, month, and year) or partial date (month and year, season and year, or year). Use same format as other publication dates in the citations.Template:R/ref Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and is enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after the website and publisher. For acceptable date formats, see Help:Citation Style 1 § Dates.
Shortened footnotes target full citations using the year specified in this parameter. A lowercase letter may be suffixed to the year to disambiguate {{sfn}} links to multiple works by the same author in the same year,[more] unless the date is formatted as YYYY-MM-DD. In the latter case, year or ref is required to disambiguate the link targets.
For approximate year, precede with "c. ", like this: |date=c. 1900.

For no date, or "undated", use |date=n.d.
The date of a Web page, PDF, etc. with no visible date can sometimes be established by searching the page source or document code for a created or updated date; a comment for editors such as date=2021-12-25<!--date from page source-->|orig-date=Original date 2011-01-01 can be added.

Template:Citation Style documentation/auto-date-format

  • year: Year of publication. The more flexible |date= parameter also handles a year by itself. Do not use in combination with the |date= parameter, unless both of the following conditions are met:
    1. Shortened footnotes target multiple citations with same last name and year of publication. (This situation necessitates a CITEREF disambiguator, usually a lowercase letter suffixed to the year.)
    2. The |date= format is YYYY-MM-DD. (This format prevents the addition of a disambiguating letter to the year.)
  • orig-date: Original publication date or year; displays in square brackets after the date (or year). For clarity, please supply specifics. For example: |orig-date=First published 1859 or |orig-date=Composed 1904. As |orig-date= does not support automatic date formatting, use the same date format as defined by |df= (or, if it exists in the article, by |cs1-dates= of a {{use dmy dates}} or {{use mdy dates}} template), or as used in the |date= parameter. Alias: orig-year
  • df: date format; sets rendered dates to the specified format; does not support date ranges or seasonal dates; overrides the automatic date formatting described above. Accepts one value which may be one of these:
    dmy – set publication dates to day month year format; access- and archive-dates are not modified;
    mdy – as above for month day, year format
    ymd – as above for year initial numeric format YYYY-MM-DD
    dmy-all – set publication, access-, and archive-dates to day month year format;
    mdy-all – as above for month day, year format
    ymd-all – as above for year initial numeric format YYYY-MM-DD
Fal tles notes: Il tag <ref> con nome "date" definito in <references> non è usato nel testo precedente.

Website[muda l codesc]

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Publisher[muda l codesc]

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Series[muda l codesc]

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In-source locations[muda l codesc]

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URL[muda l codesc]

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Anchor[muda l codesc]

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Identifiers[muda l codesc]

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Quote[muda l codesc]

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Editors[muda l codesc]

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Lay summary[muda l codesc]

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Display options[muda l codesc]

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Subscription or registration required[muda l codesc]

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TemplateData[muda l codesc]

This is the TemplateData for this template used by TemplateWizard, VisualEditor and other tools. click here to see a monthly parameter usage report for this template based on this TemplateData.

TemplateData for Cite web

Formats a citation to a website using the provided information such as URL and title. Used only for sources that are not correctly described by the specific citation templates for books, journals, news sources, etc.

Parametri template[Modifica dati del modello]

Questo template ha una formattazione personalizzata.

ParametroDescrizioneTipoStato
Last namelast last1 author author1 author1-last author-last surname1 author-last1 subject1 surname author-last subject

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Lineaconsigliato
First namefirst given author-first first1 given1 author-first1 author1-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Lineaconsigliato
Author linkauthor-link author-link1 author1-link subject-link subject-link1 subject1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Nome della paginafacoltativo
Last name 2last2 author2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link2'.

Lineafacoltativo
First name 2first2

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

Lineafacoltativo
Author link 2author-link2 author2-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author.

Nome della paginafacoltativo
Last name 3last3 author3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link3'.

Lineafacoltativo
First name 3first3

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

Lineafacoltativo
Author link 3author-link3 author3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

Nome della paginafacoltativo
Last name 4last4 author4

The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link4'.

Lineafacoltativo
First name 4first4

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink.

Lineafacoltativo
Author link 4author-link4 author4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author.

Nome della paginafacoltativo
Last name 5last5 author5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link5'.

Lineafacoltativo
First name 5first5

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

Lineafacoltativo
Author link 5author-link5 author5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth author.

Nome della paginafacoltativo
Last name 6last6 author6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link6'.

Lineafacoltativo
First name 6first6

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

Lineafacoltativo
Author link 6author-link6 author6-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

Nome della paginafacoltativo
Last name 7last7 author7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link7'.

Lineafacoltativo
First name 7first7

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

Lineafacoltativo
Author link 7author-link7 author7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

Nome della paginafacoltativo
Last name 8last8 author8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link8'.

Lineafacoltativo
First name 8first8

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

Lineafacoltativo
Author link 8author-link8 author8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

Nome della paginafacoltativo
Last name 9last9 author9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

Lineafacoltativo
First name 9first9

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

Lineafacoltativo
Author link 9author-link9 author9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

Nome della paginafacoltativo
Authors listauthors people host

List of authors as a free form list. Use of this parameter is discouraged, "lastn" to "firstn" are preferable. Warning: do not use if last or any of its aliases are used.

Stringafacoltativo
Author maskauthor-mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringafacoltativo
Display authorsdisplay-authors

Number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used. By default, all authors are displayed. Examples: |display-authors=2 will display only the first two authors in a citation followed by et al. |display-authors=etal displays all authors in the list followed by et al.

Stringafacoltativo
Name list stylename-list-style

Set to 'amp' or 'and' to change the separator between the last two names of the name list to ' & ' or ' and ', respectively. Set to 'vanc' to display name lists in Vancouver style.

Valori suggeriti
amp and vanc
Stringafacoltativo
Source datedate

Full date when the source was published; if unknown, use access-date instead; do not wikilink

Dataconsigliato
Year of publicationyear

Year of the source being referenced; deprecated in favor of 'date', except for the special case of ISO dates with disambiguating letter

Stringafacoltativo
Original dateorig-date

Original date of publication; provide specifics

Stringafacoltativo
Editor last nameeditor-last editor1-last editor

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors.

Lineafacoltativo
Editor first nameeditor-first editor1-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

Lineafacoltativo
Editor linkeditor-link editor1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

Nome della paginafacoltativo
Editor last name 2editor2-last editor2

The surname of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'.

Lineafacoltativo
Editor first name 2editor2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second editor; don't wikilink.

Lineafacoltativo
Editor link 2editor2-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second editor.

Nome della paginafacoltativo
Editor last name 3editor3-last editor3

The surname of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'.

Lineafacoltativo
Editor first name 3editor3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third editor; don't wikilink.

Lineafacoltativo
Editor link 3editor3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third editor.

Nome della paginafacoltativo
Editor last name 4editor4-last editor4

The surname of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'.

Lineafacoltativo
Editor first name 4editor4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth editor; don't wikilink.

Lineafacoltativo
Editor link 4editor4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth editor.

Nome della paginafacoltativo
Editor last name 5editor5-last editor5

The surname of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'.

Lineafacoltativo
Editor first name 5editor5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth editor; don't wikilink.

Lineafacoltativo
Editor link 5editor5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth editor.

Nome della paginafacoltativo
Editor last name 6editor6-last editor6

The surname of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'.

Lineafacoltativo
Editor first name 6editor6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth editor; don't wikilink.

Lineafacoltativo
Editor link 6editor6-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth editor.

Nome della paginafacoltativo
Editor last name 7editor7-last editor7

The surname of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'.

Lineafacoltativo
Editor first name 7editor7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh editor; don't wikilink.

Lineafacoltativo
Editor link 7editor7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh editor.

Nome della paginafacoltativo
Editor last name 8editor8-last editor8

The surname of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'.

Lineafacoltativo
Editor first name 8editor8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth editor; don't wikilink.

Lineafacoltativo
Editor link 8editor8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth editor.

Nome della paginafacoltativo
Editor last name 9editor9-last editor9

The surname of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'.

Lineafacoltativo
Editor first name 9editor9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth editor; don't wikilink.

Lineafacoltativo
Editor link 9editor9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth editor.

Nome della paginafacoltativo
Othersothers

Used to record other (non-author) contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'. Only one ''others'' parameter is allowed: e.g., 'Illustrated by Jane Doe; Translated by John Smith'

Stringafacoltativo
Titletitle

The title of the source page on the website; will display with quotation marks added. Usually found at the top of your web browser. Not the name of the website.

Stringaobbligatorio
Script titlescript-title

For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon. For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:...

Stringafacoltativo
Translated titletrans-title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

Stringafacoltativo
URLurl URL

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found. Requires schemes of the type "http://..." or maybe even the protocol relative scheme "//..."

Esempio
https://www.metacritic.com//...
URLobbligatorio
URL access levelurl-access

Classification of the access restrictions on the URL ('registration', 'subscription' or 'limited')

Valori suggeriti
registration subscription limited
Stringafacoltativo
URL statusurl-status

If set to 'live', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live. Set to "dead" or 'usurped' for broken links. Entering 'unfit' or 'usurped' makes the original link not appear at all.

Valori suggeriti
dead live usurped unfit
Predefinito
'dead' if an Archive URL is entered
Esempio
'dead' or 'live'
Stringaconsigliato
Archive URLarchive-url

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archive-date'

Valore automatico
URLconsigliato
Archive datearchive-date

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

Dataconsigliato
Archive formatarchive-format

Format of the archived copy; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

Stringafacoltativo
URL access dateaccess-date

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

Dataconsigliato
Name of the websitewebsite work

Title (name) of the website (or its short URL if no plain-language title is discernible); may be wikilinked; will display in italics. Having both 'publisher' and 'website' is redundant in many cases.

Esempio
[[Rotten Tomatoes]]
Stringaconsigliato
Series identifierseries

Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

Stringafacoltativo
Publisherpublisher

Name of the publisher; may be wikilinked. Having both 'publisher' and 'website' (a.k.a. 'work') is redundant in many cases.

Esempio
[[CBS Interactive]] (which owns "Metacritic.com")
Stringafacoltativo
Location of publicationlocation

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

Stringafacoltativo
Pagepage

Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

Stringafacoltativo
Pagespages

Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source); displays after 'pp.'

Stringafacoltativo
Atat

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

Stringafacoltativo
Languagelanguage lang

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name or one of the standard MediaWiki language codes; do not use icons or templates; separate multiple languages with commas (with no 'and' before the last one)

Esempio
de, fr, es
Stringafacoltativo
Typetype

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

Stringafacoltativo
Formatformat

Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

Stringafacoltativo
Place of publicationpublication-place

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

Stringafacoltativo
Publication datepublication-date

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

Datafacoltativo
Published viavia

Name of the entity hosting the original copy of the work, if different from the publisher. This entity is committed not to alter the work.

Esempio
[[GitHub]], [[SourceForge]], [[CodePlex]], [[YouTube]], [[Vimeo]], [[Dailymotion]], [[Netflix]], [[Archive.org]], [[Wikimedia Commons]], [[grc.com]]
Stringafacoltativo
No ppno-pp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

Valore automatico
y
Booleanofacoltativo
arXiv identifierarxiv

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

Stringafacoltativo
ASINasin

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

Stringafacoltativo
ASIN TLDasin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

Stringafacoltativo
Bibcodebibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

Stringafacoltativo
biorXivbiorxiv

biorXiv identifier; 6 digits

Lineafacoltativo
CiteSeerXciteseerx

CiteSeerX identifier; found after the 'doi=' query parameter

Lineafacoltativo
DOIdoi

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

Stringafacoltativo
DOI broken datedoi-broken-date

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

Valore automatico
Datafacoltativo
ISBNisbn

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

Stringafacoltativo
ISSNissn

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

Stringafacoltativo
jfm codejfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

Stringafacoltativo
JSTORjstor

JSTOR identifier

Stringafacoltativo
LCCNlccn

Library of Congress Control Number

Stringafacoltativo
MRmr

Mathematical Reviews identifier

Stringafacoltativo
OCLCoclc

Online Computer Library Center number

Stringafacoltativo
OLol

Open Library identifier

Stringafacoltativo
OSTIosti

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

Stringafacoltativo
PMCpmc

PubMed Center article number

Stringafacoltativo
PMIDpmid

PubMed Unique Identifier

Stringafacoltativo
RFCrfc

Request for Comments number

Stringafacoltativo
SSRNssrn

Social Science Research Network

Stringafacoltativo
Zblzbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

Stringafacoltativo
idid

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

Stringafacoltativo
Quotequote

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; must include terminating punctuation

Stringafacoltativo
Refref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references

Stringafacoltativo
Postscriptpostscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined

Predefinito
.
Stringafacoltativo
Editionedition

Specify the edition or revision of the source, when applicable. For example: '2nd' or '5.1'. What you supply here is suffixed by ' ed.'

Stringafacoltativo
Bibcode access levelbibcode-access

If the full text is available from ADS via this Bibcode, type 'free'.

Valore automatico
free
Stringafacoltativo
DOI access leveldoi-access

If the full text is free to read via the DOI, type 'free'.

Valore automatico
free
Stringafacoltativo
HDL access levelhdl-access

If the full text is free to read via the HDL, type 'free'.

Valore automatico
free
Stringafacoltativo
Jstor access leveljstor-access

If the full text is free to read on Jstor, type 'free'.

Valore automatico
free
Stringafacoltativo
OpenLibrary access levelol-access

If the full text is free to read on OpenLibrary, type 'free'.

Valore automatico
free
Stringafacoltativo
OSTI access levelosti-access

If the full text is free to read on OSTI, type 'free'.

Valore automatico
free
Stringafacoltativo

Notes[muda l codesc]

Template:Citation Style 1 Template:Wikipedia referencing Template:UF-COinS