Template:Flagg

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{{Flagg}} (flag general) is a flag template with variable output format. Using Lua instead of the standard mechanism, it allows overriding the image name and link target, and works even if a country data template for an entity does not exist (without using any expensive functions).

The template is not intended to fully supersede any specific flag templates it can simulate (see below), but can be useful for formats for which no template exists, or if its additional options are needed.

Parameters[muda l codesc]

Aliases (alternatives) for each parameter or value are given in square brackets.

Format (first unnamed parameter)[muda l codesc]

The first parameter is an alphabetic code specifying the output format. The first letter concerns the image, the second the separator, and the third the country name. The parameter is fully case-insensitive.

If any position in the parameter value is missing or has a character not corresponding to an option below, the options marked as default will be used; e.g. a first parameter equal to i, i** or izz will be read as isc.

First letter: Image

Letter Meaning Description Example
u unlinked Image is not linked (default). {{flagg|uxx|France}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheA' not found.
c country Image links to country/entity page. {{flagg|cxx|France}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheA' not found.
p [f] prefix/suffix Image links to country name with prefixed and/or suffixed text (default "Flag of ..."), set using |pref= and |suff= (see below). {{flagg|pxx|France}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheA' not found.
i image page Image links to file description page; use this for non-public-domain images, for which attribution is required. {{flagg|ixx|France}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheA' not found.
d data template Image links to the used country data template, for use in discussion/documentation. Automatically adds redirect=no if link is a redirect. {{flagg|dxx|France}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheA' not found.
x X mark No image is displayed. If the second letter is anything other than x, and o is not set, an unlinked transparent image is actually used to preserve the spacing. {{flagg|xnx|France}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheA' not found.

Second letter: Separator

Letter Meaning Description Example
s span box The flag image is put in a fixed-width <span> tag, meaning the country names are aligned in vertical lists; see documentation of {{Flaglist}} (default). {{flagg|usu|Niger}} Niger
n non-breaking space A non-breaking space (&nbsp;) is used, like in most flag templates, including {{flag}}. Note that &nbsp; does not actually prevent wrapping between image and text in all browsers; use w as described below if needed. {{flagg|unu|Niger}} Niger
l line break A line break (<br/>) is used as separator. {{flagg|ulu|Niger}}
Niger
t table cell A table cell separator (two pipes) is used. Niger
x X mark No separator is used. {{flagg|uxu|Niger}}Niger

Third letter: Name

Letter Meaning Description Example
c country The country name links to the main country/entity page (default). {{flagg|xxc|Chile}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheD' not found.
p prefix/suffix The country name links to the country page with prefixed or suffixed text (default "Flag of ..."), set using |pref= and |suff= (see below). {{flagg|xxp|Chile}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheD' not found.
f full prefix/suffix Same as p}}, except that the prefix and/or suffix is/are displayed. {{flagg|xxf|Chile}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheD' not found.
b both country and prefix/suffix Combined country link and prefix/suffix link: country name links to country page, while prefix and/or suffix link(s) to prefixed/suffixed title. {{flagg|xxb|Chile}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheD' not found.
u unlinked (cf. {{flagu}}) The country name is displayed as plain text, without link. {{flagg|xxu|Chile}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheD' not found.
d data template Country name is linked to the used country data template, for use in discussion/documentation. Automatically adds redirect=no if a redirect is used. {{flagg|xxd|Chile}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheD' not found.
x X mark No text is displayed. {{flagg|xxx|Chile}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheD' not found.
* Add * Similar to "p", except that an asterisk (*) is added to the text of the link if it goes to a more specific article. {{flagg|xx*|Chile}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheD' not found.

Some additional options can be enabled by appending the following letters to the three-letter code in any order:

Letter Description Example
a Adds the country name (the "name" parameter, or if unset the second unnamed parameter) as alt text and mouseover for the image. If |alt= is used for a custom alt/mouseover text, this does not need to be separately set. {{flagg|uxxa|Pakistan}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheF' not found.
b Blanks the text portion if a flag is not found. {{flagg|uncb|Xanadu}} 
Compare with:
{{flagg|unc|Xanadu}} Xanadu
e Uses the name set in the country data template (rather than the first parameter) as display name, like in {{flagcountry}} (i.e. expands abbreviated forms). {{flagg|unue|PAK}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheF' not found.
f If the prefixed/suffixed article name doesn't exist, fallback to linking to the non-prefixed/suffixed page. This may be expensive, and the number of time it can be used on single page is limited. {{flagg|psff|Egypt|pref=Flag templates in}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheE' not found.
Compare with:
{{flagg|psf|Egypt|pref=Flag templates in}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheE' not found.
l Adds the link name (as defined by the "image" parameter) as alt text and mouseover for the image. If |alt= is used for a custom alt/mouseover text, this does not need to be separately set. {{flagg|cxxl|PAK}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheF' not found.
Compare with:
{{flagg|cxxa|PAK}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheF' not found.
o Omits the image and spacing in case the image is an invisible placeholder, i.e., only include the spacing if a flag is displayed. Useful for inline/standalone usages or horizontal lists, where name alignment is not needed. {{flagg|unuo|Pakistan|image=}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheF' not found.
Compare with:
{{flagg|unu|Pakistan|image=}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheF' not found.
r Reverses the order of the elements, putting the image to the right of the name; cf. {{flagright}}. Doesn't affect the order of letters in the format code. {{flagg|uncr|Pakistan}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheF' not found.
w Avoids wrapping by adding <span class="nowrap">...</span> around the output. {{flagg|unuw|Pakistan}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheF' not found.
t Aligns to the left in a table.

Entity (second unnamed parameter)[muda l codesc]

The second parameter is the country or entity name. The template attempts to read the flag and link data from "Template:Country data country"; if that does not exist, the same parameter will be used as default country link and no automatic image will be displayed. The parameter also defines the default displayed country name, if the e option above is not used.

Image parameters[muda l codesc]

|variant= [third unnamed parameter]
Specifies a variant flag image, as defined and documented in each entity's data template. For example, {{flagg|ixx|Germany|naval}} uses the "naval" variant of Template:Country data Germany.
|image=
Custom image name, with or without the "File:" namespace prefix. Can be used if the wanted image is not available as variant for the entity (you can alternatively request it be added at the respective data template's talk page), or if no data template exists. Set to "none" ["blank", empty string] to use an unlinked transparent image (functionally identical to the x format).
|size= [|sz=]
Sets the image size; default is 23×15 pixels (larger for some entities). You can use an explicit size in pixels (e.g. 30x20px; the "px" suffix is optional) or one of the relative sizes "xs" (half the default dimensions), "s", "m", "l" and "xl" (twice the default size).
|border=
By default, the flag icon includes a border, except if it is disabled in the entity's country data template. |border= can be set to "yes" ["y", "1"] to force a border when excluded by default, or "no" ["n", "0", empty string] to prevent one.
|align= [|al=]
Set to "left" ["l"], "center" ["centre", "c", "middle", "m"] or "right" ["r"] to set the alignment of the image for the span box (s) and table cell (t) formats. For t, the default is center; for s, it is right-aligned if r is set, else left-aligned.
|width= [|w=]
Sets the width of the span box surrounding the image for the span box (s) format, in pixels, without the "px" suffix. The default is calculated by Module:Flaglist and depends on the image size.
|alt=
Sets alt text and mouseover text for the flag image, if it is for information rather than just decoration. If the wanted text is equal to the entity name, use the a option described above.
|ilink=
Overrides the link target of the image (only use if none of the image formats above allow linking to the desired page).
|noredlink=no
Displays a red link to the missing country data template instead of a placeholder image. Defaults to "yes" (no red link displayed).
|missingcategory=category name
Adds the page to category name if the image if the country data is missing.

Text and link parameters[muda l codesc]

|name=
Changes the displayed country name. Note that with the f format, this includes the prefix and/or suffix.
|clink= [|link=]
Overwrites the link to the country article; this is also used to construct the prefix/suffix link for the f, p and b options.
|pref=, |suff=, |plink=
|pref= and |suff= set the prefix and suffix to use for the prefix/suffix links (format letters f, p and b). The default, if neither is specified, is "Flag of" as prefix (cf. {{flagof}}) and no suffix. |plink= can be used to override the combined link.
|the=
Set to "yes" ["y", "1"] to include the article "the" before the country name in the prefix/suffix links. Example: {{flagg|usf|Philippines|the=1}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheE' not found.. Use |pthe= if the link needs "the" but the name doesn't, and |nthe= if the name needs it but the link doesn't.
|section=
Links to a section of the linked article without displaying the section name. If both a country link and a prefix/suffix link are used, use |csection= for a section of the country article, and |psection= for a section of the prefixed/suffixed article.
|altvar= [|avar=], |age=
Enables using one of a set of standard suffixes for linking to sports teams and militaries. The altvar and suffix data is loaded from Module:Flagg/Altvar data. The possible parameter values are the base names of the corresponding specialized templates; alias values from full sports names exist (see examples below and data page). For some entities this also changes the image to a variant specific to a sport or military branch; for example, {{flagg|usp|Ireland|avar=ru}} Ireland uses the IRFU flag to represent the Irish rugby union team. For youth teams in some sports (see the data page), the age limit must be additionally set using |age=.
|nalign= [|nal=]
Sets the alignment of the text in table cell format (t). The default is left; the possible values are the same as for |align=.
|text=
Overrides the entire text; only use when necessary for any nonstandard formats. Alternatively, you can set the third letter of the format parameter to x (no text) and add custom text outside the template.
|nodata=y
Overrides attempts to use the corresponding {{country data ...}} template, which is useful when the corresponding data template doesn't exist.
|pref2=, |suff2=, |plink2=, |psection2=
If the f extra is specified, and the prefix/suffixed article name being linked to doesn't exist, then use these parameters as an alternate prefix/suffix, and check if it exists as well. (If it still doesn't exist, then fall back to the non-prefixed/suffixed page as normal). This may be expensive, and the number of time it can be used on single page is limited.

Examples[muda l codesc]

Formats:

  • {{flagg|usc|Fiji}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheK' not found. (default format)
  • {{flagg||Fiji}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheK' not found. (default format)
  • {{flagg|pnbr|Fiji}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheK' not found.
  • <span style="display:inline-block;text-align:center;">Template:((flagg|ilf|Fiji|sz=xlTemplate:))</span>Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheK' not found.

Table format & alignment:

{{flagg|utu|Jamaica}} Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheG' not found.
{{flagg|utur|Jamaica}} Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheG' not found.
{{flagg|utu|Jamaica|al=l|nal=l}} Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheG' not found.
{{flagg|utu|Jamaica|al=c|nal=c}} Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheG' not found.
{{flagg|utu|Jamaica|al=r|nal=r}} Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheG' not found.
  • {{flagg|usu|Switzerland}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheB' not found.
  • {{flagg|usu|Switzerland|al=l}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheB' not found.
  • {{flagg|usu|Switzerland|al=c}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheB' not found.
  • {{flagg|usu|Switzerland|al=r}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheB' not found.

Standard image & name parameters:

  • {{flagg|isc|Myanmar}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheJ' not found.
  • {{flagg|isc|Myanmar|border=}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheJ' not found.
  • {{flagg|isc|Myanmar|1974}} Myanmar
  • {{flagg|isc|Myanmar|variant=1974}} Myanmar
  • {{flagg|isc|Myanmar|name=Burma|variant=1974}} Burma
  • {{flagg|isc|Burma|variant=1974}} Burma
  • {{flagg|isc|Myanmar|sz=30}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheJ' not found.
  • {{flagg|isc|Myanmar|size=30}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheJ' not found.
  • {{flagg|isc|Myanmar|size=30px}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheJ' not found.
  • {{flagg|isc|Myanmar|size=30x18px}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheJ' not found.
  • {{flagg|isc|Myanmar|size=xs}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheJ' not found.
  • {{flagg|isc|Myanmar|size=xl}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheJ' not found.
  • {{flagg|isc|Myanmar|width=30|size=xs}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheJ' not found.
  • {{flagg|isc|Myanmar|image=}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheJ' not found.
  • Template:((flagg|isc|Myanmar|image=Flag of None.svgTemplate:))Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheJ' not found.
  • Template:((flagg|isc|Myanmar|image=File:Flag of None.svgTemplate:))Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheJ' not found.

Links and altvars:

  • {{flagg|psp|Egypt}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheE' not found.
  • {{flagg|psf|Egypt}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheE' not found.
  • {{flagg|psb|Egypt}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheE' not found.
  • {{flagg|psb|Philippines|the=1}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheE' not found.
  • {{flagg|csc|Egypt|section=History}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheE' not found.
  • {{flagg|csb|Egypt|csection=History}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheE' not found.
  • {{flagg|psb|Egypt|psection=Kingdom of Egypt (1922–1953)|variant=1922}} Flag of Egypt
  • {{flagg|psb|Egypt|plink=List of Egyptian flags}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheE' not found.
  • {{flagg|psf|Egypt|pref=History of}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheE' not found.
  • {{flagg|psp|Egypt|suff=at the Olympics}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheE' not found.
  • {{flagg|psp|Egypt|avar=fb}} Egypt
  • {{flagg|psp|Egypt|avar=football}} Egypt
  • {{flagg|psp|Egypt|avar=fbu|age=20}} Egypt
  • {{flagg|psf|Egypt|avar=navy}} Egypt Navy

Non-existing data template:

  • {{flagg|isc|EUSSR|nodata=1}} EUSSR
  • {{flagg|isc|EUSSR|image=EUSSR red flag.svg|size=xl|nodata=1}} EUSSR

Adding links to specialized country, state, territory articles[muda l codesc]

See also: Help:Table#Adding links to specialized country, state, or territory articles.

For example:

Once you have a table with {{flaglist}} or other flag template it is easy to convert the links to specialized links. So instead of Oklahoma you would have Incarceration in Oklahoma, or if that article does not exist, then Crime in Oklahoma.

Use a global find-and-replace in the wikitext. Replace:

{{flaglist

with

{{flagg|us*eft|pref=Incarceration in|pref2=Crime in

The {{flagg}} template looks for the articles. If it finds one of the two choices it adds the link and an asterisk after the state, country, territory, or other subnational area name. If it does not find either article, it just adds the standard link.

Substitute your preferred topics in the pref= and pref2= spots. For more info see Help:Table and its sections on adding flags and country/state/territory links.

This particular use of {{flagg}} parameters is expensive and can only be used on a few hundred links per article. Every time the article is saved it occurs. So only one big country table per article. Other country tables in the same article should use standard links.

Comparison with other templates[muda l codesc]

These "specialized" templates predate Flagg, and while most do not have options for custom links and images, they are probably faster because they only do two transclusions without invoking Lua.

General templates[muda l codesc]

Template Corresponding {{flagg}} syntax Example
{{flag|country}} {{flagg|uncb|country}} {{flag|China}}Template:Country data China
{{flagg|unc|China}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheB' not found.
{{flagbig|country}} {{flagg|ulc|country|sz=l}} {{flagbig|China}}Template:Flagbig
{{flagg|ulc|China|sz=l}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheB' not found.
{{flagc|country}} {{flagg|inc|country}} {{flagc|China}}Template:Flagc
{{flagg|inc|China}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheB' not found.
{{flagcountry|country}} {{flagg|unce|country}} {{flagcountry|CHN}}Template:Country data CHN
{{flagg|unce|CHN}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheB' not found.
{{flagdeco|country}} {{flagg|uxxo|country}} {{flagdeco|China}}Template:Country data China
{{flagg|uxx|China}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheB' not found.
{{flagicon|country}} {{flagg|cxxlo|country}} {{flagicon|China}}Template:Country data China
{{flagg|cxxlo|China}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheB' not found.
{{flagicon image|image}} {{flagg|uxx|image=image}} {{flagicon image|Flag of China.svg}}
{{flagg|uxx|image=Flag of China.svg}}
{{flaglink|country|suffix}} {{flagg|unp|country|suff=suffix}} {{flaglink|China|at the Hopman Cup}}Template:Flaglink
{{flagg|unp|China|suff=at the Hopman Cup}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheB' not found.
{{flag+link|prefix|country}} {{flagg|unp|country|pref=prefix}} (no existence check) {{flag+link|Agriculture in|China}}Template:Flag+link
{{flagg|unp|China|pref=Agriculture in}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheB' not found.
{{flaglist|country}} {{flagg|usc|country}} {{flaglist|China}}Template:Flaglist
{{flagg|usc|China}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheB' not found.
{{flagof|country}} {{flagg|unp|country|sz=l}} {{flagof|China}}Template:Flagof
{{flagg|unp|China|sz=l}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheB' not found.
{{flagright|country}} {{flagg|uncr|country}} {{flagright|China}}Template:Flagright
{{flagg|uncr|China}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheB' not found.
{{flagu|country}} {{flagg|unu|country}} {{flagu|China}}Template:Flagu
{{flagg|unu|China}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheB' not found.
{{noflag|country}} {{flagg|xnu|country}} {{noflag|China}}Template:Noflag
{{flagg|xnu|China}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheB' not found.
{{noflag|[[country]]}} {{flagg|xnc|country}} {{noflag|[[China]]}}Template:Noflag
{{flagg|xnc|China}}Errore Lua in package.lua alla linea 80: module 'Module:CountryData/cacheB' not found.

Sports/military templates[muda l codesc]

The football templates are used as examples here; other sports that have separate templates work correspondingly.

Template Corresponding {{flagg}} syntax Example
{{fb|country}} {{flagg|unpe|country|avar=fb}} {{fb|China}}Template:Fb
{{flagg|unpe|China|avar=fb}} China
{{fb|country|align=1}} {{flagg|uspe|country|avar=fb|al=c}} {{fb|China|align=1}}Template:Fb
{{flagg|uspe|China|avar=fb|al=c}} China
{{fb-big|country}} {{flagg|ulpe|country|avar=fb|sz=l}} {{fb-big|China}}Template:Fb-big
{{flagg|ulpe|China|avar=fb|sz=l}}
China
{{fb-rt|country}} {{flagg|unpre|country|avar=fb}} {{fb-rt|China}}Template:Fb-rt
{{flagg|unpre|China|avar=fb}}China 
{{fbu|age|country}} {{flagg|unpe|country|avar=fbu|age=age}} {{fbu|17|China}}Template:Fbu
{{flagg|unpe|China|avar=fbu|age=17}} China
{{fbw|country}} {{flagg|unpe|country|avar=fbw}} {{fbw|China}}Template:Fbw
{{flagg|unpe|China|avar=fbw}} China
{{fbwu|age|country}} {{flagg|unpe|country|avar=fbwu|age=age}} {{fbwu|17|China}}Template:Fbwu
{{flagg|unpe|China|avar=fbwu|age=17}} China
{{army|country}} {{flagg|unfe|country|avar=army}} (no automatic name override) {{army|China}}Template:Army
{{flagg|unfe|China|avar=army}} China Army
{{navy|country}} {{flagg|unfe|country|avar=navy}} (no automatic name override) {{navy|China}}Template:Navy
{{flagg|unfe|China|avar=navy}} China Navy
{{air force|country}} {{flagg|unfe|country|avar=air force}} (no automatic name override) {{air force|China}}Template:Air force
{{flagg|unfe|China|avar=air force}} China Air Force

See also[muda l codesc]

  • User:SiBr4/Flagg tests — extensive tests of the template's functions, which may also serve as additional examples